New Urbanism is a countermovement to modernism which emerges at the end of the 1980s/beginning of the 1990s in the USA and institutionalizes itself in 1993 in the form of the "Congress for the New Urbanism". In 1996 the movement's founding document, the Charter of the New Urbanism, is formulating. New Urbanism criticizes the anonymous subordination of American cities, which, due to a strong urban sprawl, primarily relies on individual transport and causes high resource consumption. Instead of a separation of living, working and shopping - as was called for in the Charter of Athens, one of the programmatic documents of the CIAM - New Urbanism proposes the ideal of a "city with short routes" with as large a mixture of functions at one location as possible. It thereby orients itself on the traditional American small town.
*I am grateful for useful information from exhibition "Am Ende: Architektur. Zeitreisen 1959 – 2019" in Architekturzentrum Wien